They--The earth and the heavens in their present state and form "shall perish" ( Hebrews 12:26 Hebrews 12:27 , 2 Peter 3:13 ). His right, as God with the Father, was absolute, resulting from his creating power. They "all," how ever various their ranks, "minister"; He is ministered to. Paul shows that His humbled form (at which the Jews might stumble) is no objection to His divine Messiahship. This shows the great love of God for us, and how He wants to share all things with us. Proud member Things went well, and Lear started to feel quite at home in the palace. . And His ministers a flame of fire.”. 47a, Hebrews 1-8 Hardcover – November 11, 1991 by William L. Lane (Author) 4.4 out of 5 stars 20 ratings. Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. But to which of the angels has He ever said: Now for the seventh time in this chapter, the writer to the Hebrews quotes the Hebrew Scriptures to demonstrate that Jesus the Messiah is far superior to any angelic being. KIMCHI says that the ninety-third through the hundred first Psalms contain in them the mystery of Messiah. The Psalm here quoted applied primarily in a less full sense to Solomon, of whom God promised by Nathan to David. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on … 2. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . It is because He is the brightness, &c., and because He upholds, &c., that He sat down on the right hand, &c. It was a return to His divine glory ( John 6:62 , 17:5 ; compare Wisdom 7:25,26, where similar things are said of wisdom). You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. iii. Revelation 5 gives a glimpse of the angelic worship of Jesus. As "spirits" implies the wind-like velocity and subtle nature of the cherubim, so "flame of fire" expresses the burning devotion and intense all-consuming zeal of the adoring seraphim (meaning "burning), Isaiah 6:1 . a. This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . The human author of Hebrews remains unknown, but the book’s … 1. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. God ruled the theocracy in and through Him. "Perish" does not mean annihilation; just as it did not mean so in the case of "the world that being overflowed with water, perished" under Noah ( 2 Peter 3:6 ). "Better," that is, superior to. thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. Some oldest manuscripts read, "lawlessness." Hebrews—Commentaries. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. angels were designed by God to be subject to Him. iii. The angels worship Him; He does not worship among them. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, a. Most importantly beyond that fact God has spoken with words in the Bible in a variety of ways through a variety of people over hundreds of years without any … When He brings the firstborn: This word was used both as an idea and to designate the one born first. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. spirits--or "winds": Who employeth His angels as the winds, His ministers as the lightnings; or, He maketh His angelic ministers the directing powers of winds and flames, when these latter are required to perform His will. Yahweh is specifically said to be the Creator (Isaiah 45:12, Isaiah 45:18). Quotation from Psalms 110:1 . THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. They could not take … Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Paul, Barnabas, Silas, Peter, Apollos, and others have been proposed. There is a story about a man named Lear who was hired to give Queen Victoria art lessons. . They will perish, but You will remain: This shows that Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity is self-existent, even as Psalm 102:25-27 says this of Yahweh. He rules; they serve. Thus he answers the Jewish objection drawn from their prophets. whom "He is not ashamed to call His brethren," but above the angels, fellow partakers in part with Him, though infinitely His inferiors, in the glories, holiness, and joys of heaven; "sons of God," and angel "messengers," though subordinate to the divine Angel--"Messenger of the covenant"). Though the angels may collectively be called “sons of God” (such as in Job 1:6), but no angel is ever given that title individually. 1:1 "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets," Over the course of possibly 1,800 years (from Job 2200 B.C. Hebrews 1:1-14 . When the First Person of the Trinity spoke to the Second Person of the Trinity, He called Him God. And--In another passage ( Psalms 102:25-27 ) He says. . Changes will take effect once you reload the page. b. The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The Greek implies, He not only appointed His Son heir of all things before creation, but He also (better than "also He") made by Him the worlds. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Hebrews - Charles Swindoll - Chart on right . Word Biblical Commentary Vol. Jesus is the end of all prophecy ( Revelation 19:10 ), and of the law of Moses ( John 1:17 , 5:46 ). The image is taken from the custom of conquerors putting the feet on the necks of the conquered ( Joshua 10:24 Joshua 10:25 ). Comfort, Philip Wesley. But these others are supposed gods, pretenders to their throne. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Hebrews 1:1-14 . Many of those not born first in the Bible are given the title “firstborn.” David is an example of this (Psalm 89:27) and so is Ephraim (Jeremiah 31:9). "Maketh" implies that, however exalted, they are but creatures, whereas the Son is the Creator ( Hebrews 1:10 ):not begotten from everlasting, nor to be worshipped, as the Son ( Revelation 14:7 , Revelation 22:8 Revelation 22:9 ). While I may not agree with every exegetical conclusion Lane makes, he is always worth reading on a given passage. All rights reserved. The Deity Of Christ Part 1 Series Contributed by Stephen Smith on Nov 3, 2020 | 952 views. For when has one seen light without effulgence?" Israel, in the Babylonian captivity, in the hundred second Psalm, casts her hopes of deliverance on Messiah, the unchanging covenant God of Israel. … Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4. for ever . ii. a. a. laid the foundation of--"firmly founded" is included in the idea of the Greek. There have many attempts to deduce the author of this book, yet nothing definitive. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Understanding how Jesus is better than the angels helps us to understand how He is better than anyone or anything in our life. It means that the Father and the Son share the same being. A mortal king speaks by his ambassador, not (as the King of kings) in his ambassador. BS2775.3.B37 1997 227′.87077—dc21 96-53647 Printed in the United States of America 12 11 10 09 08 14 13 12 11 10. There are no apologetics, no hint of argument, … Hebrews 1 – A Superior Savior A. Jesus, the superior Savior. . The ardor of Spirit in this Epistle, as in First John, bursting forth at once into the subject (without prefatory inscription of name and greeting), the more effectively strikes the hearers. unto which--A frequent argument in this Epistle is derived from the silence of Scripture ( Hebrews 1:13 , Hebrews 2:16 , Hebrews 7:3 Hebrews 7:14 ) [BENGEL]. The angels belong to Jesus, and He is not among them. "Worship Him all ye gods" ("gods," that is, exalted beings, as angels), refers to God; but it was universally admitted among the Hebrews that God would dwell, in a peculiar sense, in Messiah (so as to be in the Talmud phrase, "capable of being pointed to with the finger"); and so what was said of God was true of, and to be fulfilled in, Messiah. in the beginning--English Version, Psalms 102:25 , "of old": Hebrew, "before," "aforetime." So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: “Who makes His angels spirits And they will all grow old like a garment; Hebrews 1 Resources. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. A name that no than knew but He Himself.". Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. The "I" in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, "the first-begotten of the dead" ( Colossians 1:18 , Revelation 1:5 ). The Rabbins divided the whole of time into "this age," or "world," and "the age to come" ( Hebrews 2:5 , 6:5 ). Some argue that there are many beings called “gods” in the Bible such as Satan (2 Corinthians 4:4) and earthly judges (Psalm 82:1 and 6). The Jews of former days ( 1 Corinthians 10:1 ). Let me read you what Hebrews 1:1-2 says: In the past God spoke to our ...read more Scripture: Hebrews 1:1-2, 2 Timothy 3:1-12. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the … They are His angels and His ministers. You can check these in your browser security settings. The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. Of … II. And they will be changed. This power … 13. Fulfilled at the resurrection of Jesus, whereby the Father "declared," that is, made manifest His divine Sonship, heretofore veiled by His humiliation ( Acts 13:33 , Romans 1:4 ). What the angels are as to their nature: they are spirits, without bodies or inclination to bodies, and yet they can assume bodies, and appear in them, when God pleases. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 5. worlds--the inferior and the superior worlds ( Colossians 1:16 ). Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $22.78 . But You are the same, remainest--through (so the Greek) all changes. In a more distant and perfect sense, it is fulfilled in the Son of David, Jesus Christ. ii. God . Rabbis used firstborn as a specifically Messianic title. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. When He pleases, He makes them to sit ( Judges 6:11 ); at other times to stand ( Isaiah 6:2 ); at times to resemble women ( Zechariah 5:9 ); at other times to resemble men ( Genesis 18:2 ); at times He makes them 'spirits'; at times, fire." "Light of (from) light" [Nicene Creed]. And He shall be to Me a Son”? Click on the different category headings to find out more. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. For--substantiating His having "obtained a more excellent name than the angels." to minister--Greek, "unto (that is, 'for') ministry." We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. The Old Testament revelations were fragmentary in substance, and manifold in form; the very multitude of prophets shows that they prophesied only in part. Today I have begotten You”? O God--the Greek has the article to mark emphasis ( Psalms 45:6 Psalms 45:7 ). shall not fail--Hebrew, "shall not end." PREVIOUS NEXT. Commentary on Hebrews: Exegetical and Expository - Vol. The covenant of the possession of the earth was renewed with Noah and his seed on the renovated earth. (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. . 3. Who being--by pre-existent and essential being. Each only knew in part; but when that which was perfect came in Messiah, that which was in part was done away ( 1 Corinthians 13:12 ). Choose a verse from 'Hebrews 1' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org There are many other ways that angels minister to the people of God, but the key point is that our Lord uses these beings for our benefit. "In one way He was seen by Abraham, in another by Moses, in another by Elias, and in another by Micah; Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel, beheld different forms" [THEODORET]. You can also change some of your preferences. A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 1:18 ) 14 13 12 11 10 Ephesians 3:11 ) but ministering to Him get a experience! Seats for the angels. named Lear who was hired to give Queen art! Und Verkauf duch Amazon that God the Father, and Lear started to feel quite at in... Because no angel was ever given this great name then the Son at home the... 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